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Tom and Jerry ist ein amerikanisches animiertes Franchise-Unternehmen und eine Reihe von Comedy-Kurzfilmen, die von William Hanna und Joseph Barbera gedreht wurden. Tom und Jerry ist eine US-amerikanische Serie von kurzen Zeichentrickfilmen, die von 19für das Kino produziert wurden. Die meisten Folgen. 31, points • 2, comments - Tom & Jerry from - Which one did you like the most? - 9GAG has the best funny pics, gifs, videos, gaming, anime. Thinking back to when i was a kid, I think about all the cartoons I used to watch and my favorite show was Tom and Jerry. Yes, it was violent in a comedic way but. Watch funny Cartoons Tom and Jerry in HD quality. Kids will love this easy to use The Tom & Jerry Cartoons Show app; videos.

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31, points • 2, comments - Tom & Jerry from - Which one did you like the most? - 9GAG has the best funny pics, gifs, videos, gaming, anime. Tom und Jerry | TopMomente mit Spike. Ansehen. Tom und Jerry | Das Küken und Mr. Hyde. Ansehen. Tom & Jerry | Toto wird gerettet. Ansehen. Tom. Thinking back to when i was a kid, I think about all the cartoons I used to watch and my favorite show was Tom and Jerry. Yes, it was violent in a comedic way but. Professor who is Casino Slots Haverhill before the race after he along with his vehicle are accidentally vaporized by antimatterleaving both Tom and Jerry room to race with them and each other. Among the other racers include elderly woman Grammy and her ferocious pet dog Squirty; dark lord and florist Gratis Spiele Wimmelbilder Deutsch the Destroyer of Light; superstar Steed Dirkly; single mother of four children Malory "Soccer Mom" McDoogle; and scientist Dr. DVD cover. Forces of Geek. Douglas Pratt. Please reorganize this content to explain the subject's impact on popular culture, providing citations to Www.Tipp24games, secondary sourcesrather than simply listing appearances. All of the Hanna and Barbera cartoons were shot as successive color exposure negatives in Technicolor. The s entries were done in Metrocolor but returned to the standard Academy ratio and format.

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Stellen geschnitten, die von manchen als rassistisch angesehen wurden z. Hundstage für Tom. Oscar für den besten animierten Kurzfilm. Bitte hilf Wikipedia, indem du die Angaben recherchierst und gute Belege einfügst. Mouse Trouble Oscar für den besten animierten Kurzfilm.

Hanna and Barbera produced cartoons for MGM, thirteen of which were nominated for an Academy Award for Best Short Subject and seven went on to win, breaking the winning streak held by Walt Disney's studio in the category.

Tom and Jerry won more Academy Awards than any other character-based theatrical animated series. As per standard practice for American animation production at the time, Barbera and Hanna did not work with a script beforehand.

The rise in television in the s caused problems for the MGM animation studio, leading to budget cuts on Tom and Jerry cartoons due to decreased revenue from theatrical screenings.

However, the studio found that re-releases of older cartoons were earning as much as new ones, resulting in the executive decision to cease production on Tom and Jerry and later the animation studio on May 15, Before , all Tom and Jerry cartoons were produced in the standard Academy ratio and format; in and , some of the output was dually produced in dual versions: one Academy-ratio negative composed for a flat widescreen 1.

From until the close of the MGM cartoon studio a year later, all Tom and Jerry cartoons were produced in CinemaScope, some even had their soundtracks recorded in Perspecta directional audio.

All of the Hanna and Barbera cartoons were shot as successive color exposure negatives in Technicolor. Sound effects were produced by electronic music composer Tod Dockstader and Deitch.

The majority of vocal effects and voices in Deitch's films were provided by Allen Swift and Deitch. Deitch states that, being a " UPA man", he was not a fan of the Tom and Jerry cartoons, thinking they were "needlessly violent".

Background art was done in a more simplistic, angular, Art Deco -esque style. The soundtracks featured sparse and echoic electronic music , futuristic sound effects , heavy reverb , and dialogue that was mumbled rather than spoken.

Whereas Hanna-Barbera's shorts generally took place in and outside of a house, Deitch's shorts opted for more exotic locations, such as a 19th-century whaling ship, the jungles of Nairobi , an Ancient Greek acropolis, or the Wild West.

In addition, Mammy Two-Shoes was replaced as Tom's owner by a bald, overweight, short-tempered, middle-aged white man, who bore a striking resemblance to Clint Clobber.

Just like Spike the Bulldog, he is also much more brutal and violent in punishing Tom's actions as compared to previous owners, often beating and thrashing Tom repeatedly.

To avoid being linked to Communism, Deitch romanized the Czech names of his crew in the opening credits of the shorts e.

Vogel had approved of Deitch and his team's work, but MGM decided not to renew their contract after Vogel's departure. Deitch's shorts were commercial successes.

In , the Tom and Jerry series became the highest-grossing animated short film series of that time, dethroning Looney Tunes , which had held the position for 16 years; this success was repeated once more in The s entries were done in Metrocolor but returned to the standard Academy ratio and format.

After the last of the Deitch cartoons were released, Chuck Jones , who had been fired from his plus year tenure at Warner Bros.

Beginning in , Jones and Goldman went on to produce 34 more Tom and Jerry shorts , all of which carried Jones' distinctive style and a slight psychedelic influence.

Jones had trouble adapting his style to Tom and Jerry ' s brand of humor, and a number of the cartoons favored full animation, personality and style over storyline.

Coyote , a less complex look including the color of his fur becoming gray , sharper ears, longer tail and furrier cheeks resembling Jones' Claude Cat or Sylvester , while Jerry was given larger eyes and ears, a lighter brown color, and a sweeter, Porky Pig -like expression.

Coyote and the Road Runner , included the uses of blackout gags and gags involving characters falling from high places. Jones co-directed the majority of the shorts with layout artist Maurice Noble.

These shorts contain a memorable opening theme, in which Tom first replaces the MGM lion, then is trapped inside the "O" of his name.

Though Jones's shorts were generally considered an improvement over Deitch's, they nevertheless had varying degrees of critical success. MGM ceased production of Tom and Jerry shorts in , by which time Jones had moved on to television specials and the feature film The Phantom Tollbooth.

Beginning in , the Hanna and Barbera Tom and Jerry cartoons began to appear on television in heavily edited versions. The Jones team was required to take the cartoons featuring Mammy Two Shoes and remove her by pasting over the scenes featuring her with new scenes.

Most of the time, she was replaced with a similarly fat white Irish woman; occasionally, as in Saturday Evening Puss , a thin white teenager took her place instead, with both characters voiced by June Foray.

However, recent telecasts on Cartoon Network and Boomerang retain Mammy with new voiceover work performed by Thea Vidale to remove the stereotypical black jargon featured on the original cartoon soundtracks.

The standard Tom and Jerry opening titles were removed as well. Instead of the roaring MGM Lion sequence, an opening sequence featuring different clips of the cartoons was used instead.

The title cards were also changed. A pink title card with the name written in white font was used instead.

This format has not been used in newer Tom and Jerry entrees. The Filmation Tom and Jerry cartoons were noticeably different from Hanna-Barbera's efforts, as they returned Tom and Jerry to the original chase formula, with a somewhat more " slapstick " humor format.

This incarnation, much like the version, was not as well-received by audiences as the originals, and lasted on CBS Saturday mornings from September 6, , to September 4, Turner sold the company a short while later, but retained MGM's pre film library, thus Tom and Jerry became the property of Turner Entertainment Co.

It featured a youthful version of the famous cat-and-mouse duo chasing each other. As with the H-B series, Jerry wears his red bowtie, while Tom now wears a red cap.

Spike and his son Tyke who now had talking dialogue , and Droopy and his son Dripple, appeared in back-up segments for the show, which ran until November 18, It featured Joe Barbera who was also a creative consultant as the voice of Tom's owner, whose face is never seen.

In this cartoon, Jerry, housed in a habitrail , is as much of a house pet as Tom is, and their owner has to remind Tom to not "blame everything on the mouse".

As part of the celebration of Tom and Jerry ' s sixty-fifth anniversary, this marked Barbera's first return as a writer, director and storyboard artist on the series since his and Hanna's original MGM cartoon shorts, and last overall; he would die shortly after production ended.

The short debuted on Cartoon Network on January 27, Thirteen half-hour episodes each consisting of three shorts, some of them—like The Karate Guard —were produced and completed in as part of a plus theatrical cartoon schedule aborted after the financial disaster of Looney Tunes: Back in Action were produced, with only markets outside of the United States and United Kingdom signed up.

The series was canceled in , shortly before the Kids' WB block shut down. Tales is also the first Tom and Jerry production presented in widescreen aspect ratio which was aired on Cartoon Network in the United States but cropped to fullscreen aspect ratio which was aired on The CW and Boomerang in the United States.

Cartoon Network , which began rerunning the Tom and Jerry Tales in January , subsequently aired a second series consisting of two minute shorts per episode that likewise sought to maintain the look, core characters and sensibility of the original theatrical shorts.

Similar to other reboot works like Scooby-Doo! Mystery Incorporated and The Looney Tunes Show , several episodes the new series brought Tom and Jerry into contemporary environments, telling new stories and relocating the characters to more fantastic worlds, from a medieval castle to a mad scientist's lab.

Originally slated for an undated Cartoon Network premiere [31] before being pushed back to April 9, , this is the second Tom and Jerry production presented in widescreen aspect ratio.

In November , a two-minute sketch was shown as part of the Children in Need telethon in the United Kingdom, the sketch was produced as a collaboration with Warner Bros.

When shown on terrestrial television in the United Kingdom from April to February , usually on the BBC Tom and Jerry cartoons were not edited for violence, and Mammy was retained.

When faced with disruption to the schedules for example when live broadcasts overran , the BBC would invariably turn to Tom and Jerry to fill any gaps, confident that it would retain much of an audience that might otherwise channel hop.

Due to its very limited use of dialogue, Tom and Jerry was easily translated into various foreign languages. Tom and Jerry began broadcast in Japan in A nationwide survey taken in Japan by TV Asahi , sampling age groups from teenagers to adults in their sixties, ranked Tom and Jerry 85 in a list of the top " anime " of all time; while their web poll taken after the airing of the list ranked it at 58 — the only non-Japanese animation on the list, and beating anime classics like Tsubasa: Reservoir Chronicle , A Little Princess Sara , and the ultra-classics Macross and Ghost in the Shell.

In Japan, the word "anime" refers to all animation regardless of origin, not just Japanese animation. Unlike some other Western cartoons such as Bob the Builder and Postman Pat , whose characters had to be doctored to have five fingers in each hand instead of the original four, [43] Tom and Jerry aired in Japan without such edits, as did other series starring non-human protagonists such as SpongeBob SquarePants.

Tom and Jerry have long since been popular in Germany. The different shorts are usually linked together with key scenes from Jerry's Diary , in which Tom reads about his and Jerry's past adventures.

The cartoons are introduced with rhyming German language verse, and when necessary, a German voice spoke the translations of English labels on items and similar information.

The show was aired in mainland China by CCTV in the mids to the early s and was extremely popular at the time.

Collections of the show are still a prominent feature in Chinese book stores. RPN aired most of Hanna-Barbera shorts from until ABS-CBN would later return to the air after the restoration of democracy in and air the same shorts as in the pre-martial law era.

This lasted until the end of Even though Gene Deitch 's shorts were created in Czechoslovakia — , the first official TV release of Tom and Jerry were in It was one of the few cartoons of western origin broadcast in Czechoslovakia and Romania until before the fall of the Soviet Union in In this scene, Tom also made a cameo as a servant.

Filmmakers had wanted Mickey Mouse for the scene, but Walt Disney had rejected the deal, as the Disney studio was focusing on its own cartoons to help pay off its debts after World War II.

On October 1, , the first international release of Tom and Jerry: The Movie arrived when the film was released overseas to theaters in Europe [46] and then domestically by Miramax Films on July 30, , [47] with future video and DVD releases that would be sold under Warner Bros.

Barbera served as creative consultant for the picture, which was produced and directed by Phil Roman. In , Warner Bros.

In , another direct-to-video film, Tom and Jerry: Shiver Me Whiskers , tells the story about the pair having to work together to find the treasure.

Joe came up with the storyline for the next film, Tom and Jerry: A Nutcracker Tale , as well as the initial idea of synchronizing the on-screen actions to music from Tchaikovsky's Nutcracker Suite.

The holiday-set animated film was released on DVD in late and dedicated to Barbera. It is the first made-for-video Tom and Jerry movie produced without any of the characters' original creators.

The next direct-to-video film, Tom and Jerry and the Wizard of Oz , was released on August 23, and was the first made-for-video Tom and Jerry movie made for Blu-ray.

It had a preview showing on Cartoon Network. Studios, Leavesden later in Like many animated cartoons from the s to the s, Tom and Jerry featured racial stereotypes.

Perhaps the most controversial element of the show is the character Mammy Two Shoes, a poor black maid who speaks in a stereotypical "black accent".

Joseph Barbera, who was responsible for these gags, claimed that they did not reflect his racial opinion; they were just reflecting what was common in society and cartoons at the time and were meant to be humorous.

Mammy Two-Shoes' voice was re-dubbed by Turner in the mids to make the character sound less stereotypical; the resulting accent sounds more Irish.

Three shorts in particular — His Mouse Friday , [a] which depicts cannibals, Casanova Cat , which features a scene where Jerry's face is blackened by Tom with cigar smoke, and Mouse Cleaning , where Tom is shown with blackface — have been removed from the Blu-ray DVD edition.

In Tom and Jerry's "Spotlight Collection" DVD, a disclaimer by Whoopi Goldberg warns viewers about the potentially offensive material in the cartoons and emphasizes that they were "wrong then and they are wrong today", borrowing a phrase from the Warner Bros.

Golden collection. The cartoons you are about to see are products of their time. They may depict some of the ethnic and racial prejudices that were commonplace in the U.

These depictions were wrong then and they are wrong today. While the following does not represent the Warner Bros. In , the British version of the Boomerang channel made plans to edit Tom and Jerry cartoons being aired in the UK where the characters were seen to be smoking.

There was a subsequent investigation by UK media watchdog Ofcom. In , it was reported that Cartoon Network of Brazil censored 27 shorts on the grounds of being "politically incorrect".

That title ran issues with Dell before being handed off to Western Publishing , where it ran until issue in Tom and Jerry continued to appear in various comic books for the rest of the 20th century.

A Tom and Jerry comic strip was syndicated from to Throughout the years, the term and title Tom and Jerry became practically synonymous with never-ending rivalry, as much as the related "cat and mouse fight" metaphor has.

Yet in Tom and Jerry it was not the more powerful Tom who usually came out on top. Atari named the main pair of chips in the Jaguar 's chipset after the duo.

In , the magazine National Lampoon referenced Tom and Jerry in a violence-filled comic book parody, Kit 'n' Kaboodle.

In an interview found on the DVD releases, several MADtv cast members stated that Tom and Jerry is one of their biggest influences for slapstick comedy.

Johnny Knoxville from Jackass has stated that watching Tom and Jerry inspired many of the stunts in the movies.

In the pre-video era, Tom and Jerry cartoons were a popular subject for 8mm home movies, with the UK-based Walton Films issuing dozens of titles as colour one-reel Super 8 films, in both silent and sound editions.

Walton's agreement with MGM obligated them to release the films in slightly edited form, even though the single-reel format would have comfortably accommodated the cartoons' seven to eight minute running time.

The cartoons are all intact save for His Mouse Friday dialogue has been wiped and Saturday Evening Puss , which is the re-drawn version with June Foray's voice added.

There have been negative responses to Vol. A replacement program offering uncut versions of the shorts on DVD was later announced.

There are also negative responses to Vol. Almost all of the shorts contain re-dubbed Mammy Two-Shoes tracks. Despite these cuts, His Mouse Friday , the only Tom and Jerry cartoon to be completely taken off the airwaves in some countries due to claims of racism, is included, unedited with the exception of zooming-in as on the North American set.

These are regular TV prints sent from the U. Shorts produced in CinemaScope are presented in pan and scan. Mouse Cleaning and Casanova Cat are presented uncut as part of these sets.

However, most of these cartoons are included in the UK version. Most shorts produced in CinemaScope are presented in pan and scan for showing on the aspect ratio television screen.

Prior to , the Gene Deitch-era shorts saw limited home media release outside of Europe and Asia. The sets were aimed at the collector in a way that the previous " Spotlight " DVD releases were not.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 27 August This article is about the animal cartoon series.

For other uses, see Tom and Jerry disambiguation. Hanna Barbera cartoon series. The title card seen in Tom and Jerry shorts from to Dunn — Harry E.

Release date. Running time. This section possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations.

Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. May Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main article: List of Tom and Jerry characters.

Main articles: Tom Cat and Jerry Mouse. Main article: Spike and Tyke characters. Main article: Nibbles Tom and Jerry.

Main article: Mammy Two Shoes. See also: List of Tom and Jerry feature films. Fred Quimby —52 Kelly Jarvis — Main article: List of Tom and Jerry video games.

This article appears to contain trivial, minor, or unrelated references to popular culture. Please reorganize this content to explain the subject's impact on popular culture, providing citations to reliable, secondary sources , rather than simply listing appearances.

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Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. June Learn how and when to remove this template message.

For a list of all theatrical Tom and Jerry cartoon shorts, see Tom and Jerry filmography. Animation portal Film portal United States portal.

Radio Times. Retrieved February 10, American Literary History. My Old Radio Show. Oxford English Dictionary 2 ed.

Asbury Park Press. Retrieved January 19, — via Newspapers. Caster Star-Tribune. Retrieved January 18, — via Newspapers.

The Observer. September 22, Retrieved January 20, — via Newspapers. Interview with Joseph Barbera Digital. Archive of American Television.

Rembrandt Films. Retrieved August 17, The Wall Street Journal. Lehman, Christopher The New York Times. Retrieved May 13, Tom and Jerry Animation World Network.

Archived from the original on December 26, Retrieved September 27, Retrieved August 21, Archived from the original on September 12, Retrieved November 6, Retrieved November 16, Archived from the original on January 3, Retrieved January 3, Big Cartoon News.

October 8, Archived from the original on December 6, Google, LLC. Retrieved June 23, Retrieved September 14, BBC News. August 21, Tom and Jerry.

New Looney Tunes. Kingdom Force. Mr Bean. Boss Baby: Back in Business. Wacky Races. Dorothy and the Wizard of Oz.

Yabba Dabba Dinosaurs. Mighty Mike. Grizzy and the Lemmings. Puss in Boots. The Happos Family. Giggle Box. Be Cool, Scooby-Doo!

My Knight And Me. Pat the Dog. The Zhu Zhus. Looney Tunes. Talking Tom and Friends.

Refusing to do so, Tom and Jerry angrily attack J. An angry and disoriented J. In the epilogue, Tom and Jerry share their new mansion peacefully until Tom's owner shows up and acts like she owns the mansion, ordering Tom to get rid of Jerry.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Turner Entertainment Co. Warner Bros. Animation Warner Bros.

Family Entertainment. Release date. Running time. July 14, Retrieved July 31, Retrieved 22 October Rotten Tomatoes.

Retrieved September 1, Common Sense Media. Tom and Jerry. Anchors Aweigh Dangerous When Wet William Hanna Joseph Barbera. What a Cartoon!

Hanna-Barbera Beyond. Films Video games. What's New, Scooby-Doo? ThunderCats ThunderCats Roar. Haunted Holidays Scooby-Doo!

Dracula Scooby-Doo! Pirates Ahoy! Music of the Vampire Superman vs. Bizarro League Scooby-Doo! Teen Titans Lego Scooby-Doo! Two-Face Scooby-Doo!

List of Warner Bros. Feature Animation Warner Bros. Cartoons Warner Bros. Beginning in , Jones and Goldman went on to produce 34 more Tom and Jerry shorts , all of which carried Jones' distinctive style and a slight psychedelic influence.

Jones had trouble adapting his style to Tom and Jerry ' s brand of humor, and a number of the cartoons favored full animation, personality and style over storyline.

Coyote , a less complex look including the color of his fur becoming gray , sharper ears, longer tail and furrier cheeks resembling Jones' Claude Cat or Sylvester , while Jerry was given larger eyes and ears, a lighter brown color, and a sweeter, Porky Pig -like expression.

Coyote and the Road Runner , included the uses of blackout gags and gags involving characters falling from high places. Jones co-directed the majority of the shorts with layout artist Maurice Noble.

These shorts contain a memorable opening theme, in which Tom first replaces the MGM lion, then is trapped inside the "O" of his name.

Though Jones's shorts were generally considered an improvement over Deitch's, they nevertheless had varying degrees of critical success. MGM ceased production of Tom and Jerry shorts in , by which time Jones had moved on to television specials and the feature film The Phantom Tollbooth.

Beginning in , the Hanna and Barbera Tom and Jerry cartoons began to appear on television in heavily edited versions.

The Jones team was required to take the cartoons featuring Mammy Two Shoes and remove her by pasting over the scenes featuring her with new scenes.

Most of the time, she was replaced with a similarly fat white Irish woman; occasionally, as in Saturday Evening Puss , a thin white teenager took her place instead, with both characters voiced by June Foray.

However, recent telecasts on Cartoon Network and Boomerang retain Mammy with new voiceover work performed by Thea Vidale to remove the stereotypical black jargon featured on the original cartoon soundtracks.

The standard Tom and Jerry opening titles were removed as well. Instead of the roaring MGM Lion sequence, an opening sequence featuring different clips of the cartoons was used instead.

The title cards were also changed. A pink title card with the name written in white font was used instead. This format has not been used in newer Tom and Jerry entrees.

The Filmation Tom and Jerry cartoons were noticeably different from Hanna-Barbera's efforts, as they returned Tom and Jerry to the original chase formula, with a somewhat more " slapstick " humor format.

This incarnation, much like the version, was not as well-received by audiences as the originals, and lasted on CBS Saturday mornings from September 6, , to September 4, Turner sold the company a short while later, but retained MGM's pre film library, thus Tom and Jerry became the property of Turner Entertainment Co.

It featured a youthful version of the famous cat-and-mouse duo chasing each other. As with the H-B series, Jerry wears his red bowtie, while Tom now wears a red cap.

Spike and his son Tyke who now had talking dialogue , and Droopy and his son Dripple, appeared in back-up segments for the show, which ran until November 18, It featured Joe Barbera who was also a creative consultant as the voice of Tom's owner, whose face is never seen.

In this cartoon, Jerry, housed in a habitrail , is as much of a house pet as Tom is, and their owner has to remind Tom to not "blame everything on the mouse".

As part of the celebration of Tom and Jerry ' s sixty-fifth anniversary, this marked Barbera's first return as a writer, director and storyboard artist on the series since his and Hanna's original MGM cartoon shorts, and last overall; he would die shortly after production ended.

The short debuted on Cartoon Network on January 27, Thirteen half-hour episodes each consisting of three shorts, some of them—like The Karate Guard —were produced and completed in as part of a plus theatrical cartoon schedule aborted after the financial disaster of Looney Tunes: Back in Action were produced, with only markets outside of the United States and United Kingdom signed up.

The series was canceled in , shortly before the Kids' WB block shut down. Tales is also the first Tom and Jerry production presented in widescreen aspect ratio which was aired on Cartoon Network in the United States but cropped to fullscreen aspect ratio which was aired on The CW and Boomerang in the United States.

Cartoon Network , which began rerunning the Tom and Jerry Tales in January , subsequently aired a second series consisting of two minute shorts per episode that likewise sought to maintain the look, core characters and sensibility of the original theatrical shorts.

Similar to other reboot works like Scooby-Doo! Mystery Incorporated and The Looney Tunes Show , several episodes the new series brought Tom and Jerry into contemporary environments, telling new stories and relocating the characters to more fantastic worlds, from a medieval castle to a mad scientist's lab.

Originally slated for an undated Cartoon Network premiere [31] before being pushed back to April 9, , this is the second Tom and Jerry production presented in widescreen aspect ratio.

In November , a two-minute sketch was shown as part of the Children in Need telethon in the United Kingdom, the sketch was produced as a collaboration with Warner Bros.

When shown on terrestrial television in the United Kingdom from April to February , usually on the BBC Tom and Jerry cartoons were not edited for violence, and Mammy was retained.

When faced with disruption to the schedules for example when live broadcasts overran , the BBC would invariably turn to Tom and Jerry to fill any gaps, confident that it would retain much of an audience that might otherwise channel hop.

Due to its very limited use of dialogue, Tom and Jerry was easily translated into various foreign languages.

Tom and Jerry began broadcast in Japan in A nationwide survey taken in Japan by TV Asahi , sampling age groups from teenagers to adults in their sixties, ranked Tom and Jerry 85 in a list of the top " anime " of all time; while their web poll taken after the airing of the list ranked it at 58 — the only non-Japanese animation on the list, and beating anime classics like Tsubasa: Reservoir Chronicle , A Little Princess Sara , and the ultra-classics Macross and Ghost in the Shell.

In Japan, the word "anime" refers to all animation regardless of origin, not just Japanese animation. Unlike some other Western cartoons such as Bob the Builder and Postman Pat , whose characters had to be doctored to have five fingers in each hand instead of the original four, [43] Tom and Jerry aired in Japan without such edits, as did other series starring non-human protagonists such as SpongeBob SquarePants.

Tom and Jerry have long since been popular in Germany. The different shorts are usually linked together with key scenes from Jerry's Diary , in which Tom reads about his and Jerry's past adventures.

The cartoons are introduced with rhyming German language verse, and when necessary, a German voice spoke the translations of English labels on items and similar information.

The show was aired in mainland China by CCTV in the mids to the early s and was extremely popular at the time. Collections of the show are still a prominent feature in Chinese book stores.

RPN aired most of Hanna-Barbera shorts from until ABS-CBN would later return to the air after the restoration of democracy in and air the same shorts as in the pre-martial law era.

This lasted until the end of Even though Gene Deitch 's shorts were created in Czechoslovakia — , the first official TV release of Tom and Jerry were in It was one of the few cartoons of western origin broadcast in Czechoslovakia and Romania until before the fall of the Soviet Union in In this scene, Tom also made a cameo as a servant.

Filmmakers had wanted Mickey Mouse for the scene, but Walt Disney had rejected the deal, as the Disney studio was focusing on its own cartoons to help pay off its debts after World War II.

On October 1, , the first international release of Tom and Jerry: The Movie arrived when the film was released overseas to theaters in Europe [46] and then domestically by Miramax Films on July 30, , [47] with future video and DVD releases that would be sold under Warner Bros.

Barbera served as creative consultant for the picture, which was produced and directed by Phil Roman.

In , Warner Bros. In , another direct-to-video film, Tom and Jerry: Shiver Me Whiskers , tells the story about the pair having to work together to find the treasure.

Joe came up with the storyline for the next film, Tom and Jerry: A Nutcracker Tale , as well as the initial idea of synchronizing the on-screen actions to music from Tchaikovsky's Nutcracker Suite.

The holiday-set animated film was released on DVD in late and dedicated to Barbera. It is the first made-for-video Tom and Jerry movie produced without any of the characters' original creators.

The next direct-to-video film, Tom and Jerry and the Wizard of Oz , was released on August 23, and was the first made-for-video Tom and Jerry movie made for Blu-ray.

It had a preview showing on Cartoon Network. Studios, Leavesden later in Like many animated cartoons from the s to the s, Tom and Jerry featured racial stereotypes.

Perhaps the most controversial element of the show is the character Mammy Two Shoes, a poor black maid who speaks in a stereotypical "black accent".

Joseph Barbera, who was responsible for these gags, claimed that they did not reflect his racial opinion; they were just reflecting what was common in society and cartoons at the time and were meant to be humorous.

Mammy Two-Shoes' voice was re-dubbed by Turner in the mids to make the character sound less stereotypical; the resulting accent sounds more Irish.

Three shorts in particular — His Mouse Friday , [a] which depicts cannibals, Casanova Cat , which features a scene where Jerry's face is blackened by Tom with cigar smoke, and Mouse Cleaning , where Tom is shown with blackface — have been removed from the Blu-ray DVD edition.

In Tom and Jerry's "Spotlight Collection" DVD, a disclaimer by Whoopi Goldberg warns viewers about the potentially offensive material in the cartoons and emphasizes that they were "wrong then and they are wrong today", borrowing a phrase from the Warner Bros.

Golden collection. The cartoons you are about to see are products of their time. They may depict some of the ethnic and racial prejudices that were commonplace in the U.

These depictions were wrong then and they are wrong today. While the following does not represent the Warner Bros.

In , the British version of the Boomerang channel made plans to edit Tom and Jerry cartoons being aired in the UK where the characters were seen to be smoking.

There was a subsequent investigation by UK media watchdog Ofcom. In , it was reported that Cartoon Network of Brazil censored 27 shorts on the grounds of being "politically incorrect".

That title ran issues with Dell before being handed off to Western Publishing , where it ran until issue in Tom and Jerry continued to appear in various comic books for the rest of the 20th century.

A Tom and Jerry comic strip was syndicated from to Throughout the years, the term and title Tom and Jerry became practically synonymous with never-ending rivalry, as much as the related "cat and mouse fight" metaphor has.

Yet in Tom and Jerry it was not the more powerful Tom who usually came out on top. Atari named the main pair of chips in the Jaguar 's chipset after the duo.

In , the magazine National Lampoon referenced Tom and Jerry in a violence-filled comic book parody, Kit 'n' Kaboodle.

In an interview found on the DVD releases, several MADtv cast members stated that Tom and Jerry is one of their biggest influences for slapstick comedy.

Johnny Knoxville from Jackass has stated that watching Tom and Jerry inspired many of the stunts in the movies. In the pre-video era, Tom and Jerry cartoons were a popular subject for 8mm home movies, with the UK-based Walton Films issuing dozens of titles as colour one-reel Super 8 films, in both silent and sound editions.

Walton's agreement with MGM obligated them to release the films in slightly edited form, even though the single-reel format would have comfortably accommodated the cartoons' seven to eight minute running time.

The cartoons are all intact save for His Mouse Friday dialogue has been wiped and Saturday Evening Puss , which is the re-drawn version with June Foray's voice added.

There have been negative responses to Vol. A replacement program offering uncut versions of the shorts on DVD was later announced.

There are also negative responses to Vol. Almost all of the shorts contain re-dubbed Mammy Two-Shoes tracks. Despite these cuts, His Mouse Friday , the only Tom and Jerry cartoon to be completely taken off the airwaves in some countries due to claims of racism, is included, unedited with the exception of zooming-in as on the North American set.

These are regular TV prints sent from the U. Shorts produced in CinemaScope are presented in pan and scan.

Mouse Cleaning and Casanova Cat are presented uncut as part of these sets. However, most of these cartoons are included in the UK version.

Most shorts produced in CinemaScope are presented in pan and scan for showing on the aspect ratio television screen. Prior to , the Gene Deitch-era shorts saw limited home media release outside of Europe and Asia.

The sets were aimed at the collector in a way that the previous " Spotlight " DVD releases were not. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 27 August This article is about the animal cartoon series.

For other uses, see Tom and Jerry disambiguation. Hanna Barbera cartoon series. The title card seen in Tom and Jerry shorts from to Dunn — Harry E.

Release date. Running time. This section possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations.

Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. May Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main article: List of Tom and Jerry characters.

Main articles: Tom Cat and Jerry Mouse. Main article: Spike and Tyke characters. Main article: Nibbles Tom and Jerry.

Main article: Mammy Two Shoes. See also: List of Tom and Jerry feature films. Fred Quimby —52 Kelly Jarvis — Main article: List of Tom and Jerry video games.

This article appears to contain trivial, minor, or unrelated references to popular culture. Please reorganize this content to explain the subject's impact on popular culture, providing citations to reliable, secondary sources , rather than simply listing appearances.

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Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. June Learn how and when to remove this template message.

For a list of all theatrical Tom and Jerry cartoon shorts, see Tom and Jerry filmography. Animation portal Film portal United States portal.

Radio Times. Retrieved February 10, American Literary History. My Old Radio Show. Oxford English Dictionary 2 ed. Asbury Park Press. Retrieved January 19, — via Newspapers.

Caster Star-Tribune. Retrieved January 18, — via Newspapers. The Observer. September 22, Retrieved January 20, — via Newspapers.

Interview with Joseph Barbera Digital. Archive of American Television. Rembrandt Films. Retrieved August 17, The Wall Street Journal. Lehman, Christopher The New York Times.

Retrieved May 13, Tom and Jerry Animation World Network. Archived from the original on December 26, Retrieved September 27, Retrieved August 21, Archived from the original on September 12, Retrieved November 6, Retrieved November 16, Archived from the original on January 3, Retrieved January 3, Big Cartoon News.

October 8, Archived from the original on December 6, Google, LLC. Retrieved June 23, Retrieved September 14, BBC News. August 21, Retrieved May 25, November 24, Archived from the original on November 24, August 25, Building a Company: Roy O.

Disney and the Creation of an Entertainment Empire. Variety Media, LLC. Archived from the original on August 19, Retrieved August 19, Los Angeles Times.

Archived from the original on October 19, Retrieved October 2, April 25, Retrieved April 25, Retrieved July 25, Forces of Geek.

March 17, Retrieved March 20, April 15, April 20, Karthik January 24, Pursue News.

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