Cambodia Previous Name Freigabeoptionen

cambodia previous name. The name of Cambodia in the Khmer language is "​Kampuchea which derives from Sanskrit to Southeast Asia has no. Preah Bat Samdech Preah Norodom Sihanouk Varman (Khmer: ព្រះ​ករុណា Peter Schier, Manola Schier-Oum (Hrsg.): Prince Sihanouk on Cambodia. Interviews and Talks Februar ↑ Cambodia former King Norodom Sihanouk dies in Beijing; BBC News Personendaten. NAME, Norodom Sihanouk. In the past 20 years, Cambodia has known betrayal, invasion and genocide. Khmer Rouge, he says, ''is not our name''; the Communist Party. Cambodian Namen in der Regel bestehen aus zwei Elementen einschließlich eines patronymic, die als gemeinsame dient Familiennamen für Geschwister. Official Country Name KINGDOM OF CAMBODIA. Languages KHMER. Population 16,, Median Age GDP Per Capita US $4,

Cambodia Previous Name

Attempting to conceal his identity as a policeman for the previous government, Chileng changed his name and moved his family to the village of Prayap, near the. If I had known how fantastic Cambodia is, I would have gone there earlier. Four days was definitely not enough for me but to be honest, I think. Preah Bat Samdech Preah Norodom Sihanouk Varman (Khmer: ព្រះ​ករុណា Peter Schier, Manola Schier-Oum (Hrsg.): Prince Sihanouk on Cambodia. Interviews and Talks Februar ↑ Cambodia former King Norodom Sihanouk dies in Beijing; BBC News Personendaten. NAME, Norodom Sihanouk.

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He is a former King of Cambodia. King in Cambodia doesn't have any power, just so little. The old name of Cambodia was Kambuja.

It was also known as Khmer Empire. The capital of Cambodia is Phnom Penh. Cambodia is located in Southeast Asia and the official religion is Buddhism.

The Southeast Asian country's official name is the Kingdom of Cambodia. It is known by its natives as Kampuchea. The country whose official name is nowadays 'Kingdom of Cambodia' was known in ancient times with the name of 'Kambuja', and when Jayavarman II declared himself king in the year A.

Kingdom of Cambodia modern day. Arranging by date. The correct pronoun to use for the country name Cambodia is it.

Example:Cambodia is healing from years of war and it has opened it's doors to tourism. During the Khmer Rouge rule from to , it was known as Democratic Kampuchea.

Why must a flat-topped stoppers be laid with their flat sides in the table? How did the writer organize the text ex-parte motion for extension to submit compromise agreement?

How did the three racial groups contribute to the development of Philippine folk dance? All Rights Reserved. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply.

Ask Login. Business Writing. Roman Empire. Asked by Wiki User. Top Answer. Wiki User Answered Related Questions. Former name of Cambodia? Cambodia was formerly named Kampuchea.

What is the former name of combodia? Kampuchea was formely known as? What is the new name for Cambodia? The new is Cambodia, and the old name is Kampuchea.

Who is Prince Norodom Sihanouk? What is the official name of Cambodia as of now? Cambodia is now officially called "The Kingdom Of Cambodia".

Is Cambodia's real name The Kingdom of Cambodia? What is the name of Cambodia? What is the relative location of Cambodia?

What is the old name of Cambodia? Banh has served as defence minister since In , the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces comprised about , active personnel , reserve.

The Royal Gendarmerie of Cambodia total more than 7, personnel. Its civil duties include providing security and public peace, to investigate and prevent organised crime, terrorism and other violent groups; to protect state and private property; to help and assist civilians and other emergency forces in a case of emergency, natural disaster, civil unrest and armed conflicts.

Hun Sen has accumulated highly centralised power in Cambodia, including a praetorian guard that 'appears to rival the capabilities of the country's regular military units', and is allegedly used by Hun Sen to quell political opposition.

The Cambodian legal profession was established in By , due to the Khmer Rouge regime, the entire legal system was eradicated.

Judges and lawyers were executed after being deemed "class enemies" and only 6—12 legal professionals actually survived and remained in the country.

A US State Department report says "forces under Hun Sen and the Cambodian People's Party have committed frequent and large-scale abuses, including extrajudicial killings and torture, with impunity".

Forced land evictions by senior officials, security forces, and government-connected business leaders are commonplace in Cambodia. On 14 March , the UN expert on the human rights situation in Cambodia "expressed serious concerns about restrictions on the media, freedom of expression and political participation ahead of a national election in July".

The autonomous municipality reach thani and provinces khaet of Cambodia are first-level administrative divisions. Cambodia is divided into 25 provinces including the autonomous municipality.

Municipalities and districts are the second-level administrative divisions of Cambodia. The provinces are subdivided into districts and 26 municipalities.

The districts and municipalities in turn are further divided into communes khum and quarters sangkat. The United Nations designates Cambodia as a least developed country.

Most rural households depend on agriculture and its related sub-sectors. Rice , fish, timber, garments and rubber are Cambodia's major exports.

Tourism was Cambodia's fastest growing industry, with arrivals increasing from , in to over 2 million in In , inflation was at 1.

Cambodia Poverty Assessment ", the World Bank concludes: "Over the seven years from through , Cambodian economic growth was tremendous, ranking amid the best in the world.

Moreover, household consumption increased by nearly 40 percent. And this growth was pro-poor—not only reducing inequality, but also proportionally boosting poor people's consumption further and faster than that of the non-poor.

As a result, the poverty rate dropped from However, the majority of these people escaped poverty only slightly: they remain highly vulnerable—even to small shocks—which could quickly bring them back into poverty.

The success story means the Southeast Asian nation that overcame a vicious civil war now is classified as a lower-middle income economy by the World Bank Group WBG.

Among 69 countries that have comparable data, Cambodia ranked fourth in terms of the fastest poverty reduction in the world from — See more details of Cambodia's achievements on poverty reduction.

The poverty rate fell to 10 percent in , and further reduction of poverty is expected for both urban and rural households throughout — However, human development, particularly in the areas of health and education, remains an important challenge and development priority for Cambodia" [].

Oil and natural gas deposits found beneath Cambodia's territorial waters in yield great potential but remain mostly untapped, due in part to territorial disputes with Thailand.

The National Bank of Cambodia is the central bank of the kingdom and provides regulatory oversight to the country's banking sector and is responsible in part for increasing the foreign direct investment in the country.

Between and the number of regulated banks and micro-finance institutions increased from 31 covered entities to over 70 individual institutions underlining the growth within the Cambodian banking and finance sector.

One of the largest challenges facing Cambodia is still the fact that the older population often lacks education, particularly in the countryside, which suffers from a lack of basic infrastructure.

Fear of renewed political instability and corruption within the government discourage foreign investment and delay foreign aid, although there has been significant aid from bilateral and multilateral donors.

Cambodia ranked among the worst places in the world for organised labour in the International Trade Union Confederation ITUC Global Rights Index, landing in the category of countries with "no guarantee of rights".

Independent unions and employers remain divided. A law was necessary to rein in the country's unions, Van Sou Ieng said. According to GMAC, last year there were 3, unions for the more than , workers employed in the country's garment and textile exporting factories, and 58 footwear factories.

Though garment production is already Cambodia's largest industry, which accounts for Those who criticise [the law] should do businesses, and [then] they will understand.

The programme engages with workers, employers and governments to improve working conditions and boost competitiveness of the garment industry.

The members of the PAC concurred with the findings of the evaluation related to the impact the programme has had on the Cambodian garment sector and workers, including: a.

The tourism industry is the country's second-greatest source of hard currency after the textile industry.

Besides Phom Penh and Angkor Wat, other tourist destinations include Sihanoukville in the southwest which has several popular beaches and Battambang in the northwest, both of which are popular stops for backpackers who make up a significant portion of visitors to Cambodia.

Tourism has increased steadily each year in the relatively stable period since the UNTAC elections.

Most international arrivals in were Chinese. The Angkor Wat historical park in Siem Reap Province , the beaches in Sihanoukville, the capital city Phnom Penh, and Cambodia's casinos up from just 57 in [] are the main attractions for foreign tourists.

Cambodia's reputation as a safe destination for tourism however has been hindered by civil and political unrest [] [] [] and several high-profile examples of serious crime committed against tourists visiting the kingdom.

Cambodia's tourist souvenir industry employs a lot of people around the main places of interest. The quantity of souvenirs that are produced is not sufficient to face the increasing number of tourists and a majority of products sold to the tourists on the markets are imported from China, Thailand, and Vietnam.

Agriculture is the mainstay of the Cambodian economy. Agriculture accounted for 90 percent of GDP in and employed approximately 80 percent of the work force.

Rice is the principal commodity. Major secondary crops include maize , cassava , sweet potatoes , groundnuts , soybeans , sesame seeds , dry beans, and rubber.

The principal commercial crop is rubber. In the s it was an important primary commodity, second only to rice, and one of the country's few sources of foreign exchange.

The civil war and neglect severely damaged Cambodia's transport system. With assistance from other countries Cambodia has been upgrading the main highways to international standards and most are vastly improved from Most main roads are now paved.

Cambodia has two rail lines, totalling about kilometres miles of single, one-metre 3-footinch gauge track. Trains are again running to and from the Cambodian capital and popular destinations in the south.

Cambodia's road traffic accident rate is high by world standards. In , the number of road fatalities per 10, vehicles was ten times higher in Cambodia than in the developed world, and the number of road deaths had doubled in the preceding three years.

Cambodia's extensive inland waterways were important historically in international trade. The Mekong and the Tonle Sap River, their numerous tributaries, and the Tonle Sap provided avenues of considerable length, including 3, kilometres 2, miles navigable all year by craft drawing 0.

Cambodia has two major ports, Phnom Penh and Sihanoukville, and five minor ones. Phnom Penh, at the junction of the Bassac , the Mekong, and the Tonle Sap Rivers, is the only river port capable of receiving 8, ton ships during the wet season and 5,ton ships during the dry season.

With increasing economic activity has come an increase in automobile use, though motorcycles still predominate. Cyclos are unique to Cambodia in that the cyclist sits behind the passenger seat.

Cambodia has three commercial airports. In , they handled a record of 10 million passengers. Siem Reap-Angkor International Airport is the second busiest, and serves the most international flights in and out of Cambodia.

Sihanouk International Airport , is in the coastal city of Sihanoukville. The first official census conducted by the French protectorate of Cambodia was in ; however, only men aged 20 to 60 were counted as its purpose was for the collection of taxes.

At present, fifty percent of the Cambodian population is younger than 22 years old. The total fertility rate in Cambodia was 2.

Cambodia's population is largely homogeneous. Its minority groups include Chams 1. The Khmers historically have lived near the lower Mekong River in a contiguous diagonal arc, from where modern-day Thailand, Laos and Cambodia meet in the northwest, all the way to the mouth of the Mekong River in southeastern Vietnam.

The Vietnamese are the second largest ethnic minority in Cambodia, with an estimated 16, living in provinces concentrated in the southeast of the country adjacent to the Mekong Delta.

Although the Vietnamese language has been determined to be a Mon—Khmer language, there are very few cultural connections between the two peoples because the early Khmers were influenced by the Indian cultural sphere while the Vietnamese are part of the Chinese cultural sphere.

Chinese Cambodians are approximately 0. Most are urban dwellers, engaged primarily in commerce. The indigenous ethnic groups of the mountains are known collectively as Montagnards or Khmer Loeu , a term meaning "Highland Khmer".

They are descended from neolithic migrations of Mon—Khmer speakers via southern China and Austronesian speakers from insular Southeast Asia.

Being isolated in the highlands, the various Khmer Loeu groups were not Indianized like their Khmer cousins and consequently are culturally distant from modern Khmers and often from each other, observing many pre-Indian-contact customs and beliefs.

The Cham are descended from the Austronesian people of Champa , a former kingdom on the coast of central and southern present-day Vietnam and former rival to the Khmer Empire.

The Cham in Cambodia number under a million and often maintain separate villages in the southeast of the country. Almost all Cham in Cambodia are Muslims.

The Khmer language is a member of the Mon—Khmer subfamily of the Austroasiatic language group. French , once the language of government in Indochina , is still spoken by many older Cambodians, and is also the language of instruction in some schools and universities that are funded by the government of France.

There is also a French-language newspaper and some TV channels are available in French. Cambodia is a member of La Francophonie. Cambodian French , a remnant of the country's colonial past, is a dialect found in Cambodia and is sometimes used in government, particularly in court.

Since , there has been a growing use of English, which has been replacing French as the main foreign language. English is widely taught in several universities and there is also a significant press in that language, while street signs are now bilingual in Khmer and English.

The Khmer script is derived from the South Indian Pallava script. Theravada Buddhism is the official religion of Cambodia, practised by more than 95 percent of the population with an estimated 4, monastery temples throughout the country.

The close interrelationship between spirits and the community, the efficacy of apotropaic and luck-attracting actions and charms, and the possibility of manipulating one's life through contact with spiritual entities such as the "baromey" spirits originates from the native folk religion.

Hinduism has left little trace beyond the magical practices of Tantricism and a host of Hindu gods now assimilated into the spirit world for example, the important neak ta spirit called Yeay Mao is the modern avatar of the Hindu goddess Kali.

Mahayana Buddhism is the religion of the majority of Chinese and Vietnamese in Cambodia. Elements of other religious practices, such as the veneration of folk heroes and ancestors, Confucianism , and Taoism mix with Chinese Buddhism are also practised.

Cambodian life expectancy was 69 years in , [] a major improvement since when the average life expectancy was Cambodia's infant mortality rate has decreased from 86 per 1, live births in to 24 in In the province with worst health indicators, Ratanakiri , Cambodia was once one of the most landmined countries in the world.

According to some estimates, unexploded land mines have been responsible for over 60, civilian deaths and thousands more maimed or injured since The Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports is responsible for establishing national policies and guidelines for education in Cambodia.

The Cambodian education system is heavily decentralised, with three levels of government, central, provincial and district — responsible for its management.

The constitution of Cambodia promulgates free compulsory education for nine years, guaranteeing the universal right to basic quality education.

The Cambodian census estimated that The education system in Cambodia continues to face many challenges, but during the past years there have been significant improvements, especially in terms of primary net enrolment gains, the introduction of program based-budgeting, and the development of a policy framework which helps disadvantaged children to gain access to education.

The country has also significantly invested in vocational education , especially in rural areas, to tackle poverty and unemployment.

Traditionally, education in Cambodia was offered by the wats Buddhist temples , thus providing education exclusively for the male population. Education has also suffered setbacks from child labour , A study by Kim reports that most employed children in Cambodia are enrolled in school but their employment is associated with late school entry, negative impacts on their learning outcomes, and increased drop out rates.

With respects to academic performance among Cambodian primary school children, research showed that parental attitudes and beliefs played a significant role.

The study further found that "length of residence" of parents in the community in which they stay predicted better academic achievement among their children.

Overall, the study pointed out to the role of social capital in educational performance and access in the Cambodian society in which family attitudes and beliefs are central to the findings.

In , Cambodia had a homicide rate of 2. Prostitution is illegal in Cambodia but yet appears to be prevalent. In a series of interviews of women about prostitution, three quarters of the interviewees found being a prostitute to be a norm and a profession they felt was not shameful having.

On 18 August , Prime Minister Hun Sen signed a directive banning the Finance Ministry from issuing new online gambling licenses, while operators currently holding online licenses would only be allowed to continue operating until those licenses expire.

The directive cited the fact that "some foreigners have used this form of gambling to cheat victims inside and outside the country" as justifying the new policy.

Various factors contribute to the Cambodian culture including Theravada Buddhism , Hinduism , French colonialism , Angkorian culture, and modern globalization.

Cambodian culture not only includes the culture of the lowland ethnic majority, but also some 20 culturally distinct hill tribes colloquially known as the Khmer Loeu , a term coined by Norodom Sihanouk to encourage unity between the highlanders and lowlanders.

Rural Cambodians wear a krama scarf which is a unique aspect of Cambodian clothing. The sampeah is a traditional Cambodian greeting or a way of showing respect to others.

Khmer culture, as developed and spread by the Khmer empire , has distinctive styles of dance, architecture and sculpture, which have been exchanged with neighbouring Laos and Thailand throughout history.

Angkor Wat Angkor means "city" and Wat means "temple" is the best preserved example of Khmer architecture from the Angkorian era along with hundreds of other temples that have been discovered in and around the region.

Traditionally, the Khmer people have a recorded information on Tra leaves. Tra leaf books record legends of the Khmer people, the Ramayana, the origin of Buddhism and other prayer books.

They are taken care of by wrapping in cloth to protect from moisture and the climate. Popular games include soccer, kicking a sey, which is similar to a footbag , and chess.

Based on the classical Indian solar calendar and Theravada Buddhism, the Cambodian New Year is a major holiday that takes place in April.

During the day festival, people offer prayers and food to the spirits of their dead relatives. For most of the Cambodians, it is a time to remember their relatives, who died during — Khmer Rouge regime.

Rice is the staple grain, as in other Southeast Asian countries. Fish from the Mekong and Tonle Sap rivers is also an important part of the diet.

The cuisine of Cambodia contains tropical fruits, soups and noodles. Key ingredients are kaffir lime , lemon grass , garlic, fish sauce , soy sauce , curry , tamarind , ginger , oyster sauce , coconut milk and black pepper.

The country also boasts various distinct local street foods, such as fried spiders. French influence on Cambodian cuisine includes the Cambodian red curry with toasted baguette bread.

The toasted baguette pieces are dipped in the curry and eaten. Cambodian red curry is also eaten with rice and rice vermicelli noodles.

Probably the most popular dine out dish, kuy teav , is a pork broth rice noodle soup with fried garlic, scallions , green onions that may also contain various toppings such as beef balls , shrimp , pork liver or lettuce.

Kampot pepper is reputed to be the best in the world and accompanies crab at the Kep crab shacks and squid in the restaurants on the Ou Trojak Jet river.

Cambodians drink plenty of tea, grown in Mondulkiri Province and around Kirirom. When it's dark enough, the tea is decanted into another cup and plenty of sugar added, but no milk.

Lemon tea tai kdao kroich chhmaa , made with Chinese red-dust tea and lemon juice, is refreshing both hot and iced, and is generally served with a hefty dose of sugar.

Regarding coffee, the beans are generally imported from Laos and Vietnam — although domestically produced coffee from Ratanakiri Province and Mondulkiri Province can be found in some places.

Beans are traditionally roasted with butter and sugar, plus various other ingredients that might include anything from rum to pork fat, giving the beverage a strange, sometimes faintly chocolatey aroma.

Cambodia has several industrial breweries, located mainly in Sihanoukville Province and Phnom Penh. There are also a growing number of microbreweries in Phnom Penh and Siem Reap.

As of [update] , there are 12 brewpubs or microbreweries in Cambodia. Rice wine is a popular alcoholic drink. Its quality varies widely and it is often infused with fruits or medicinal herbs.

Khmer women are traditionally expected to be modest, soft-spoken, well-mannered, [] industrious, [] act as the family's caregivers and caretakers [] and financial controllers, [] maintain their virginity until marriage, become faithful wives, [] and act as advisors to their husbands.

Football soccer is one of the most popular sports, although professional organised sports are not as prevalent in Cambodia as in western countries because of the economic conditions.

Soccer was brought to Cambodia by the French and became popular with the locals. Western sports such as basketball, volleyball, bodybuilding, field hockey, rugby union, golf, and baseball are gaining popularity.

Volleyball is by far the most popular sport in the country. Native sports include traditional boat racing , buffalo racing, Pradal Serey , Khmer traditional wrestling and Bokator.

Cambodia first participated in the Olympics during the Summer Olympic Games sending equestrian riders. Cambodian dance can be divided into three main categories: Khmer classical dance , folk dance, and social dances.

The exact origins of Khmer classical dance are disputed. Most native Khmer scholars trace modern dance forms back to the time of Angkor , seeing similarities in the temple engravings of the period, while others hold that modern Khmer dance styles were learned or re-learned from Siamese court dancers in the s.

Khmer classical dance is the form of stylised performance art established in the royal courts of Cambodia exhibited for both entertainment and ceremonial purposes.

Cambodian folk dance, often performed to mahori music, celebrates the various cultural and ethnic groups of Cambodia.

Folk dances originated in the villages and are performed, for the most part, by the villagers for the villagers. Typically faster-paced than classical dance, folk dances display themes of the "common person" such as love, comedy or warding off evil spirits.

Social dances are those performed by guests at banquets, parties or other informal social gatherings. Khmer traditional social dances are analogous to those of other Southeast Asian nations.

Modern western popular dances including Cha-cha , Bolero , and the Madison , have also influenced Cambodian social dance.

Traditional Cambodian music dates back as far as the Khmer Empire. More rural forms of music include Chapei and A Yai. The former is popular among the older generation and is most often a solo performance of a man plucking a Cambodian guitar chapei in between a cappella verses.

The lyrics usually have moral or religious theme. A Yai can be performed solo or by a man and woman and is often comedic in nature. It is a form of lyrical poetry, often full of double entendres, that can be either scripted or completely impromptu and ad-libbed.

When sung by a duo, the man and women take turns, "answering" the other's verse or posing riddles for the other to solve, with short instrumental breaks in between verses.

Pleng kaah lit. Cambodian popular music is performed with western style instruments or a mixture of traditional and western instruments.

Dance music is composed in particular styles for social dances. The music of crooner Sinn Sisamouth and Ros Sereysothea from the s to the s is considered to be the classic pop music of Cambodia.

During the Khmer Rouge Revolution , many classic and popular singers of the s and s were murdered, starved to death, or overwork to death by the Khmer Rouge.

In the s, Keo Surath, a refugee resettled in the United States and others carried on the legacy of the classic singers, often remaking their popular songs.

The s and s also saw the rise in popularity of kantrum , a music style of the Khmer Surin set to modern instrumentation.

The Dengue Fever rock and roll band features a Cambodian female singer and back-up band from California. It is classified as " world music " and combines Cambodian music with Western style rock.

A National Committee for Science and Technology representing 11 ministries has been in place since Although seven ministries are responsible for the country's 33 public universities, the majority of these institutions come under the umbrella of the Ministry of Education, Youth and Support.

This move represented a first step towards a national approach to research and development across the university sector and the application of research for the purposes of national development.

This policy was followed by the country's first National Science and Technology Master Plan — It was officially launched by the Ministry of Planning in December , as the culmination of a two-year process supported by the Korea International Cooperation Agency.

The plan makes provision for establishing a science and technology foundation to promote industrial innovation, with a particular focus on agriculture, primary industry and ICTs.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the post-independence era, see Kingdom of Cambodia — For the communist state led by Pol Pot, see Democratic Kampuchea.

For the second communist state, see People's Republic of Kampuchea. This article is about the country in Southeast Asia. For the song, see Cambodia song.

Country in Southeast Asia. Show globe. Show map of Southeast Asia. Cambodian Khmer. Main article: Names of Cambodia.

Main article: History of Cambodia. Main article: Early history of Cambodia. Angkor Wat. Faces of Bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara at Prasat Bayon.

Main article: Post-Angkor Period. King Sisowath. Coronation of Norodom Sihanouk in Main article: Kingdom of Cambodia — Main article: Cambodian Civil War.

Tens of thousands of people were killed during the US bombing of Cambodia between and Operation Eagle Pull.

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Sihanouk starb am Verschiedene Namensgebung Traditionen existieren unter den ethnischen Gruppendie von der Khmer Mehrheit. Cambodian Namen sind manchmal identisch mit chinesischen oder Vietnamesisch Nachnamen. Fernsehen Kino. Anfang sah der damals jährige Web.De Registrierung einen Bericht über gleichgeschlechtliche Hochzeiten in San Francisco. Eine Art der Schüssel. Da Norodom Sihanouk von Sehr Gute Online Casinos einfachen Bevölkerung als direkter Nachkomme der Gottkönige von Angkor Online Roulette Rules wurde, war der Sieg der Sangkum so gut wie sicher. Er hatte bereits zwei Schlaganfälle erlitten und litt an DiabetesBluthochdruck und Darmkrebs. Sihanouk arbeitete — erneut politisch und militärisch mit den Roten Khmer zusammen. Die Inthronisierung erfolgte am Sisowath Monivong. Cambodian journalist jailed for two Facebook posts critical of Hun Sen the previous day by the Phnom Penh municipal police Cybercrime Bureau for In the first, Ros Sokhet questioned the prime minister's declared intention to name his. If I had known how fantastic Cambodia is, I would have gone there earlier. Four days was definitely not enough for me but to be honest, I think. Overall a very good book, easy to read, although the Cambodian names of people and places is confusing at times - have a map of the area handy to help - a. Attempting to conceal his identity as a policeman for the previous government, Chileng changed his name and moved his family to the village of Prayap, near the. The stay was arranged by the Civil Peace Service (Ziviler Friedensdienst) of the German Development Service (GIZ, former DED Cambodia). () Field.

Cambodia Previous Name Video

What Are People From Cambodia Called? Cambodia Previous Name Manchmal kombinieren viele Familien kürzeren Namen einen längeren Namen zu Book Ra Slot Machine. Feste Feiertage. Königin-Mutter bezeichnet. Flagge Wappen. Traditionen Kostüm. Andere Austroasiatic indigene Volksgruppen in Kambodscha haben ähnliche Namensgebung Zoll, während der chinesisch-Khmer und Viet-Khmer Gott Games folgen chinesisches und Vietnamesen Namensmuster ist. Während der Herrschaft der Roten Khmer — wurden mehrere Familienangehörige Sihanouks getötet, darunter fünf Kinder und mindestens 14 Enkel. Namensräume Artikel Diskussion. Diese Schallplatten enthalten Ddos Code Kompositionen, die aus der Feder Sihanouks stammen sollen und vom Rundfunk-Tanzorchester Leipzig unter der Leitung von Walter Eichenberg eingespielt wurden. Cambodia Previous Name

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What is Cambodia's old name? The court moved the capital to Longvek where the kingdom sought to regain its glory through maritime trade.

The first mention of Cambodia in European documents was in by the Portuguese. Portuguese travellers described the city as a place of flourishing wealth and foreign trade.

Continued wars with Ayutthaya and the Vietnamese resulted in the loss of more territory and Longvek being conquered and destroyed by King Naresuan the Great of Ayutthaya in A new Khmer capital was established at Oudong south of Longvek in , but its monarchs could survive only by entering into what amounted to alternating vassal relationships with the Siamese and Vietnamese for the next three centuries with only a few short-lived periods of relative independence.

The hill tribe people in Cambodia were "hunted incessantly and carried off as slaves by the Siamese Thai , the Annamites Vietnamese , and the Cambodians".

In the nineteenth century a renewed struggle between Siam and Vietnam for control of Cambodia resulted in a period when Vietnamese officials attempted to force the Khmers to adopt Vietnamese customs.

This led to several rebellions against the Vietnamese and appeals to Thailand for assistance. The Siamese—Vietnamese War — ended with an agreement to place the country under joint suzerainty.

In , King Norodom , who had been installed by Siam , [10] sought the protection of Cambodia from Siam by French rule. In , Rama IV signed a treaty with France, renouncing suzerainty over Cambodia in exchange for the control of Battambang and Siem Reap provinces which officially became part of Siam.

The provinces were ceded back to Cambodia by a border treaty between France and Siam in Cambodia continued as a protectorate of France from to , administered as part of the colony of French Indochina , though occupied by the Japanese empire from to The throne became vacant in with the death of Monivong, Sisowath's son, and France passed over Monivong's son, Monireth, feeling he was too independently minded.

Instead, Norodom Sihanouk , a maternal grandson of King Sisowath was enthroned. The French thought young Sihanouk would be easy to control.

Cambodia became a constitutional monarchy under King Norodom Sihanouk. When French Indochina was given independence, Cambodia lost hope of regaining control over the Mekong Delta as it was awarded to Vietnam.

Formerly part of the Khmer Empire, the area had been controlled by the Vietnamese since , with King Chey Chettha II granting the Vietnamese permission to settle in the area decades before.

The Khmer Rouge attempted invasions to recover the territory which, in part, led to Vietnam's invasion of Cambodia and deposition of the Khmer Rouge.

In , Sihanouk abdicated in favour of his father to participate in politics and was elected prime minister. Upon his father's death in , Sihanouk again became head of state, taking the title of prince.

Sihanouk allowed the Vietnamese communists to use Cambodia as a sanctuary and a supply route for their arms and other aid to their armed forces fighting in South Vietnam.

This policy was perceived as humiliating by many Cambodians. In December Washington Post journalist Stanley Karnow was told by Sihanouk that if the US wanted to bomb the Vietnamese communist sanctuaries, he would not object, unless Cambodians were killed.

On 28 March a press conference was held and Sihanouk appealed to the international media: "I appeal to you to publicise abroad this very clear stand of Cambodia—that is, I will in any case oppose all bombings on Cambodian territory under whatever pretext.

US support for the coup remains unproven. The North Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces, desperate to retain their sanctuaries and supply lines from North Vietnam, immediately launched armed attacks on the new government.

The king urged his followers to help in overthrowing this government, hastening the onset of civil war. Soon Khmer Rouge rebels began using him to gain support.

However, from until early , the Cambodian conflict was largely one between the government and army of Cambodia, and the armed forces of North Vietnam.

As they gained control of Cambodian territory, the Vietnamese communists imposed a new political infrastructure, which was eventually dominated by the Cambodian communists now referred to as the Khmer Rouge.

Documents uncovered from the Soviet archives after reveal that the North Vietnamese attempt to overrun Cambodia in was launched at the explicit request of the Khmer Rouge and negotiated by Pol Pot 's then second in command, Nuon Chea.

Lon Nol remained in power in part because neither of the others was prepared to take his place. In , a constitution was adopted, a parliament elected, and Lon Nol became president.

But disunity, the problems of transforming a 30,man army into a national combat force of more than , men, and spreading corruption weakened the civilian administration and army.

The Communist insurgency inside Cambodia continued to grow, aided by supplies and military support from North Vietnam.

Pol Pot and Ieng Sary asserted their dominance over the Vietnamese-trained communists, many of whom were purged. At the same time, the CPK forces became stronger and more independent of their Vietnamese patrons.

The government made three unsuccessful attempts to enter into negotiations with the insurgents, but by , the CPK were operating openly as divisions, and some of the NVA combat forces had moved into South Vietnam.

Lon Nol's control was reduced to small enclaves around the cities and main transportation routes. More than 2 million refugees from the war lived in Phnom Penh and other cities.

On New Year's Day , Communist troops launched an offensive which, in days of the hardest fighting of the war, collapsed the Khmer Republic.

Simultaneous attacks around the perimeter of Phnom Penh pinned down Republican forces, while other CPK units overran fire bases controlling the vital lower Mekong resupply route.

A US-funded airlift of ammunition and rice ended when Congress refused additional aid for Cambodia. The Khmer Rouge reached Phnom Penh and took power in Led by Pol Pot , they changed the official name of the country to Democratic Kampuchea.

The new regime modelled itself on Maoist China during the Great Leap Forward , immediately evacuated the cities, and sent the entire population on forced marches to rural work projects.

They attempted to rebuild the country's agriculture on the model of the 11th century, discarded Western medicine and destroyed temples, libraries, and anything considered Western.

Estimates as to how many people were killed by the Khmer Rouge regime range from approximately one to three million; the most commonly cited figure is two million about a quarter of the population.

Hundreds of thousands fled across the border into neighbouring Thailand. The regime disproportionately targeted ethnic minority groups.

The Cham Muslims suffered serious purges with as much as half of their population exterminated. Forced repatriation in and deaths during the Khmer Rouge era reduced the Vietnamese population in Cambodia from between , and , in to a reported 56, in Professionals, such as doctors, lawyers and teachers, were also targeted.

According to Robert D. Kaplan , "eyeglasses were as deadly as the yellow star " as they were seen as a sign of intellectualism.

Religious institutions were not spared by the Khmer Rouge either. Its arms came from Vietnam and the Soviet Union. In opposition to the newly created state, a government-in-exile referred to as the Coalition Government of Democratic Kampuchea CGDK was formed in from three factions.

Its credentials were recognised by the United Nations. The Khmer Rouge representative to the UN, Thiounn Prasith, was retained, but he had to work in consultation with representatives of the noncommunist Cambodian parties.

Peace efforts began in Paris in under the State of Cambodia , culminating two years later in October in a Paris Comprehensive Peace Settlement.

In July , Kang Kek Iew was the first Khmer Rouge member found guilty of war crimes and crimes against humanity in his role as the former commandant of the S21 extermination camp and he was sentenced to life in prison.

In August , a UN-backed war crimes tribunal, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia also known as the Khmer Rouge Tribunal , sentenced Khieu Samphan , the regime's year-old former head of state, and Nuon Chea, its year-old chief ideologue, to life in prison on war crimes charges for their role in the country's terror period in the s.

The trial began in November It borders Thailand to the north and west, Laos to the northeast, and Vietnam to the east and southeast.

It has a kilometre mile coastline along the Gulf of Thailand. Cambodia's landscape is characterised by a low-lying central plain that is surrounded by uplands and low mountains and includes the Tonle Sap Great Lake and the upper reaches of the Mekong River delta.

Extending outward from this central region are transitional plains, thinly forested and rising to elevations of about feet metres above sea level.

Flowing south through Cambodia's eastern regions is the Mekong River. East of the Mekong the transitional plains gradually merge with the eastern highlands, a region of forested mountains and high plateaus that extend into Laos and Vietnam.

In this remote and largely uninhabited area, Phnom Aural , Cambodia's highest peak rises to an elevation of 5, feet 1, metres.

The most distinctive geographical feature is the inundations of the Tonle Sap, measuring about 2, square kilometres 1, square miles during the dry season and expanding to about 24, square kilometres 9, square miles during the rainy season.

This densely populated plain, which is devoted to wet rice cultivation, is the heartland of Cambodia. Cambodia's climate, like that of the rest of Southeast Asia, is dominated by monsoons , which are known as tropical wet and dry because of the distinctly marked seasonal differences.

Southwest monsoons blow inland bringing moisture-laden winds from the Gulf of Thailand and Indian Ocean from May to October. The northeast monsoon ushers in the dry season, which lasts from November to April.

The country experiences the heaviest precipitation from September to October with the driest period occurring from January to February.

According to the International Development Research Center and The United Nations , Cambodia is considered Southeast Asia's most vulnerable country to the effects of climate change, alongside the Philippines.

Shortages of clean water, extreme flooding, mudslides, higher sea levels and potentially destructive storms are of particular concern, according to the Cambodia Climate Change Alliance.

Cambodia has two distinct seasons. Disastrous flooding occurred in and again in , with some degree of flooding almost every year.

Cambodia's biodiversity is largely founded on its seasonal tropical forests , containing some recorded tree species , and riparian ecosystems.

There are mammal species, bird species, reptile species, freshwater fish species Tonle Sap Lake area , and marine fish species recorded by science.

Much of this biodiversity is contained around the Tonle Sap Lake and the surrounding biosphere. Cambodia has a bad but improving performance in the global Environmental Performance Index EPI with an overall ranking of out of countries in This is among the worst in the Southeast Asian region, only ahead of Laos and Myanmar.

The environmental areas where Cambodia performs worst on the EPI i. This secures Cambodia a better than average ranking of 61 in relation to biodiversity and habitat, despite the fact deforestation, illegal logging, construction and poaching are heavily deteriorating these protections and habitats in reality, partly fueled by the government's placement of economic land concessions and plantations within protected areas.

The rate of deforestation in Cambodia is one of the highest in the world and it is often perceived as the most destructive, singular environmental issue in the country.

In —, the annual rate of deforestation was 1. The environmental degradation also includes national parks and wildlife sanctuaries on a large scale and many endangered and endemic species are now threatened with extinction due to loss of habitats.

There are many reasons for the deforestation in Cambodia, which range from opportunistic illegal loggings to large scale clearings from big construction projects and agricultural activities.

The global issue of land grabbing is particularly rampant in Cambodia. The deforestation involves the local population, Cambodian businesses and authorities as well as transnational corporations from all over the world.

Plans for hydroelectric development in the Greater Mekong Subregion , by Laos in particular, pose a "real danger to the food supply of Vietnam and Cambodia.

Upstream dams will imperil the fish stocks that provide the vast majority of Cambodia's protein and could also denude the Mekong River of the silt Vietnam needs for its rice basket.

The lake is unusual: It all but disappears in the dry season and then expands massively as water flow from the Mekong backs up when the rains come.

In the s, the Cambodian government and educational system has increased its involvement and co-operation with both national and international environmental groups.

In November , the U. National politics in Cambodia take place within the framework of the nation's constitution of The government is a constitutional monarchy operated as a parliamentary representative democracy.

The Prime Minister of Cambodia , an office held by Hun Sen since , is the head of government , while the King of Cambodia currently Norodom Sihamoni is the head of state.

The prime minister is appointed by the king, on the advice and with the approval of the National Assembly. The prime minister and the ministerial appointees exercise executive power.

Members of the seat Assembly are elected through a system of proportional representation and serve for a maximum term of five years.

The Senate has 61 seats, two of which are appointed by the king and two others by the National Assembly, and the rest elected by the commune councillors from 24 provinces of Cambodia.

Senators serve six-year terms. On 14 October , King Norodom Sihamoni was selected by a special nine-member Royal Throne Council , part of a selection process that was quickly put in place after the abdication of King Norodom Sihanouk a week prior.

Sihamoni's selection was endorsed by Prime Minister Hun Sen and National Assembly Speaker Prince Norodom Ranariddh the king's half-brother and current chief advisor , both members of the throne council.

He was enthroned in Phnom Penh on 29 October Officially a multiparty democracy, in reality "the country remains a one-party state dominated by the Cambodian People's Party and Prime Minister Hun Sen, a recast Khmer Rouge official in power since The open doors to new investment during his reign have yielded the most access to a coterie of cronies of his and his wife, Bun Rany.

Prime Minister Hun Sen has vowed to rule until he is His government is regularly accused of ignoring human rights and suppressing political dissent.

The election results were disputed by Hun Sen's opposition, leading to demonstrations in the capital. Demonstrators were injured and killed in Phnom Penh where a reported 20, protesters gathered, with some clashing with riot police.

Since the crackdowns on political dissent and free press, Cambodia has been described as a de facto one-party state. Since , the CPP commands all but four seats in Parliament , including all seats in the National Assembly and 58 of 62 seats in the Senate.

Hun Sen and his government have seen much controversy. Hun Sen was a former Khmer Rouge commander who was originally installed by the Vietnamese and, after the Vietnamese left the country, maintains his strong man position by violence and oppression when deemed necessary.

Ranariddh was ousted and fled to Paris while other opponents of Hun Sen were arrested, tortured, and some summarily executed. In addition to political oppression , the Cambodian government has been accused of corruption in the sale of vast areas of land to foreign investors resulting in the eviction of thousands of villagers [] as well as taking bribes in exchange for grants to exploit Cambodia's oil wealth and mineral resources.

Journalists covering a protest over disputed election results in Phnom Penh on 22 September say they were deliberately attacked by police and men in plain clothes, with slingshots and stun guns.

The violence came amid political tensions as the opposition boycotted the opening of Parliament due to concerns about electoral fraud.

Seven reporters sustained minor injuries while at least two Cambodian protesters were hit by slingshot projectiles and hospitalized.

The level of corruption in Cambodia exceeds most countries in the world. Despite adopting an 'Anti-Corruption Law' in , corruption prevails throughout the country.

Corruption affects the judiciary, the police and other state institutions. Favouritism by government officials and impunity is commonplace.

Lack of a clear distinction between the courts and the executive branch of government also makes for a deep politicisation of the judicial system.

Examples of areas where Cambodians encounter corrupt practices in their everyday lives include obtaining medical services, dealing with alleged traffic violations, and pursuing fair court verdicts.

Companies deal with extensive red tape when obtaining licenses and permits, especially construction related permits, and the demand for and supply of bribes are commonplace in this process.

The Anti-Corruption Law provided no protection to whistle-blowers, and whistle-blowers can be jailed for up to 6 months if they report corruption that cannot be proven.

Cambodia has established diplomatic relations with numerous countries; the government reports twenty embassies in the country [] including many of its Asian neighbours and those of important players during the Paris peace negotiations, including the US, Australia, Canada, China, the European Union EU , Japan, and Russia.

While the violent ruptures of the s and s have passed, several border disputes between Cambodia and its neighbours persist. There are disagreements over some offshore islands and sections of the boundary with Vietnam and undefined maritime boundaries.

Cambodia and Thailand also have border disputes, with troops clashing over land immediately adjacent to the Preah Vihear temple in particular, leading to a deterioration in relations.

Most of the territory belongs to Cambodia, but a combination of Thailand disrespecting international law, Thai troop upbuild in the area and lack of resources for the Cambodian military have left the situation unsettled since Cambodia and China have cultivated ties in the s.

Cambodia's diplomatic support has been invaluable to Beijing's effort to claim disputed areas in the South China Sea. The introduction of a revised command structure early in was a key prelude to the reorganisation of the Cambodian military.

This saw the defence ministry form three subordinate general departments responsible for logistics and finance, materials and technical services, and defence services under the High Command Headquarters HCHQ.

Banh has served as defence minister since In , the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces comprised about , active personnel , reserve. The Royal Gendarmerie of Cambodia total more than 7, personnel.

Its civil duties include providing security and public peace, to investigate and prevent organised crime, terrorism and other violent groups; to protect state and private property; to help and assist civilians and other emergency forces in a case of emergency, natural disaster, civil unrest and armed conflicts.

Hun Sen has accumulated highly centralised power in Cambodia, including a praetorian guard that 'appears to rival the capabilities of the country's regular military units', and is allegedly used by Hun Sen to quell political opposition.

The Cambodian legal profession was established in By , due to the Khmer Rouge regime, the entire legal system was eradicated.

Judges and lawyers were executed after being deemed "class enemies" and only 6—12 legal professionals actually survived and remained in the country.

A US State Department report says "forces under Hun Sen and the Cambodian People's Party have committed frequent and large-scale abuses, including extrajudicial killings and torture, with impunity".

Forced land evictions by senior officials, security forces, and government-connected business leaders are commonplace in Cambodia.

On 14 March , the UN expert on the human rights situation in Cambodia "expressed serious concerns about restrictions on the media, freedom of expression and political participation ahead of a national election in July".

The autonomous municipality reach thani and provinces khaet of Cambodia are first-level administrative divisions.

Cambodia is divided into 25 provinces including the autonomous municipality. Municipalities and districts are the second-level administrative divisions of Cambodia.

The provinces are subdivided into districts and 26 municipalities. The districts and municipalities in turn are further divided into communes khum and quarters sangkat.

The United Nations designates Cambodia as a least developed country. Most rural households depend on agriculture and its related sub-sectors.

Rice , fish, timber, garments and rubber are Cambodia's major exports. Tourism was Cambodia's fastest growing industry, with arrivals increasing from , in to over 2 million in In , inflation was at 1.

Cambodia Poverty Assessment ", the World Bank concludes: "Over the seven years from through , Cambodian economic growth was tremendous, ranking amid the best in the world.

Moreover, household consumption increased by nearly 40 percent. And this growth was pro-poor—not only reducing inequality, but also proportionally boosting poor people's consumption further and faster than that of the non-poor.

As a result, the poverty rate dropped from However, the majority of these people escaped poverty only slightly: they remain highly vulnerable—even to small shocks—which could quickly bring them back into poverty.

The success story means the Southeast Asian nation that overcame a vicious civil war now is classified as a lower-middle income economy by the World Bank Group WBG.

Among 69 countries that have comparable data, Cambodia ranked fourth in terms of the fastest poverty reduction in the world from — See more details of Cambodia's achievements on poverty reduction.

The poverty rate fell to 10 percent in , and further reduction of poverty is expected for both urban and rural households throughout — However, human development, particularly in the areas of health and education, remains an important challenge and development priority for Cambodia" [].

Oil and natural gas deposits found beneath Cambodia's territorial waters in yield great potential but remain mostly untapped, due in part to territorial disputes with Thailand.

The National Bank of Cambodia is the central bank of the kingdom and provides regulatory oversight to the country's banking sector and is responsible in part for increasing the foreign direct investment in the country.

Between and the number of regulated banks and micro-finance institutions increased from 31 covered entities to over 70 individual institutions underlining the growth within the Cambodian banking and finance sector.

One of the largest challenges facing Cambodia is still the fact that the older population often lacks education, particularly in the countryside, which suffers from a lack of basic infrastructure.

Fear of renewed political instability and corruption within the government discourage foreign investment and delay foreign aid, although there has been significant aid from bilateral and multilateral donors.

Cambodia ranked among the worst places in the world for organised labour in the International Trade Union Confederation ITUC Global Rights Index, landing in the category of countries with "no guarantee of rights".

Independent unions and employers remain divided. A law was necessary to rein in the country's unions, Van Sou Ieng said.

According to GMAC, last year there were 3, unions for the more than , workers employed in the country's garment and textile exporting factories, and 58 footwear factories.

Though garment production is already Cambodia's largest industry, which accounts for Those who criticise [the law] should do businesses, and [then] they will understand.

The programme engages with workers, employers and governments to improve working conditions and boost competitiveness of the garment industry.

The members of the PAC concurred with the findings of the evaluation related to the impact the programme has had on the Cambodian garment sector and workers, including: a.

The tourism industry is the country's second-greatest source of hard currency after the textile industry. Besides Phom Penh and Angkor Wat, other tourist destinations include Sihanoukville in the southwest which has several popular beaches and Battambang in the northwest, both of which are popular stops for backpackers who make up a significant portion of visitors to Cambodia.

Tourism has increased steadily each year in the relatively stable period since the UNTAC elections. Most international arrivals in were Chinese.

The Angkor Wat historical park in Siem Reap Province , the beaches in Sihanoukville, the capital city Phnom Penh, and Cambodia's casinos up from just 57 in [] are the main attractions for foreign tourists.

Cambodia's reputation as a safe destination for tourism however has been hindered by civil and political unrest [] [] [] and several high-profile examples of serious crime committed against tourists visiting the kingdom.

Cambodia's tourist souvenir industry employs a lot of people around the main places of interest. The quantity of souvenirs that are produced is not sufficient to face the increasing number of tourists and a majority of products sold to the tourists on the markets are imported from China, Thailand, and Vietnam.

Agriculture is the mainstay of the Cambodian economy. Agriculture accounted for 90 percent of GDP in and employed approximately 80 percent of the work force.

Rice is the principal commodity. Major secondary crops include maize , cassava , sweet potatoes , groundnuts , soybeans , sesame seeds , dry beans, and rubber.

The principal commercial crop is rubber. In the s it was an important primary commodity, second only to rice, and one of the country's few sources of foreign exchange.

The civil war and neglect severely damaged Cambodia's transport system. With assistance from other countries Cambodia has been upgrading the main highways to international standards and most are vastly improved from Most main roads are now paved.

Cambodia has two rail lines, totalling about kilometres miles of single, one-metre 3-footinch gauge track. Trains are again running to and from the Cambodian capital and popular destinations in the south.

Cambodia's road traffic accident rate is high by world standards. In , the number of road fatalities per 10, vehicles was ten times higher in Cambodia than in the developed world, and the number of road deaths had doubled in the preceding three years.

Cambodia's extensive inland waterways were important historically in international trade. The Mekong and the Tonle Sap River, their numerous tributaries, and the Tonle Sap provided avenues of considerable length, including 3, kilometres 2, miles navigable all year by craft drawing 0.

Cambodia has two major ports, Phnom Penh and Sihanoukville, and five minor ones. Phnom Penh, at the junction of the Bassac , the Mekong, and the Tonle Sap Rivers, is the only river port capable of receiving 8, ton ships during the wet season and 5,ton ships during the dry season.

With increasing economic activity has come an increase in automobile use, though motorcycles still predominate. Cyclos are unique to Cambodia in that the cyclist sits behind the passenger seat.

Cambodia has three commercial airports. In , they handled a record of 10 million passengers. Siem Reap-Angkor International Airport is the second busiest, and serves the most international flights in and out of Cambodia.

Sihanouk International Airport , is in the coastal city of Sihanoukville. The first official census conducted by the French protectorate of Cambodia was in ; however, only men aged 20 to 60 were counted as its purpose was for the collection of taxes.

At present, fifty percent of the Cambodian population is younger than 22 years old. The total fertility rate in Cambodia was 2. Cambodia's population is largely homogeneous.

Its minority groups include Chams 1. The Khmers historically have lived near the lower Mekong River in a contiguous diagonal arc, from where modern-day Thailand, Laos and Cambodia meet in the northwest, all the way to the mouth of the Mekong River in southeastern Vietnam.

The Vietnamese are the second largest ethnic minority in Cambodia, with an estimated 16, living in provinces concentrated in the southeast of the country adjacent to the Mekong Delta.

Although the Vietnamese language has been determined to be a Mon—Khmer language, there are very few cultural connections between the two peoples because the early Khmers were influenced by the Indian cultural sphere while the Vietnamese are part of the Chinese cultural sphere.

Chinese Cambodians are approximately 0. Most are urban dwellers, engaged primarily in commerce.

The indigenous ethnic groups of the mountains are known collectively as Montagnards or Khmer Loeu , a term meaning "Highland Khmer".

They are descended from neolithic migrations of Mon—Khmer speakers via southern China and Austronesian speakers from insular Southeast Asia.

Being isolated in the highlands, the various Khmer Loeu groups were not Indianized like their Khmer cousins and consequently are culturally distant from modern Khmers and often from each other, observing many pre-Indian-contact customs and beliefs.

The Cham are descended from the Austronesian people of Champa , a former kingdom on the coast of central and southern present-day Vietnam and former rival to the Khmer Empire.

The Cham in Cambodia number under a million and often maintain separate villages in the southeast of the country. Almost all Cham in Cambodia are Muslims.

The Khmer language is a member of the Mon—Khmer subfamily of the Austroasiatic language group. French , once the language of government in Indochina , is still spoken by many older Cambodians, and is also the language of instruction in some schools and universities that are funded by the government of France.

There is also a French-language newspaper and some TV channels are available in French. Cambodia is a member of La Francophonie.

Cambodian French , a remnant of the country's colonial past, is a dialect found in Cambodia and is sometimes used in government, particularly in court.

Since , there has been a growing use of English, which has been replacing French as the main foreign language.

Football soccer is one of the most popular sports, although professional organised sports are not as prevalent in Cambodia as in western countries because of the economic conditions. Main article: Religion in Cambodia. Head of Government. The king urged his followers to help in overthrowing this government, hastening the onset of civil war. The Khmer Nickname Gen insurgency inside Cambodia continued to grow, aided by supplies and military support Geld Verdienen Als Testperson North Vietnam. All signs of modern civilization—typewriters, radios, television sets, phonographs, books—were destroyed Morris, Stephen J. Instead, Norodom SihanoukWie Wird Man Reich maternal grandson of King Sisowath was enthroned.

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